Characterizing Extra-Solar Planets with Color Differential Astrometry on SPICA
Laboratoire Hippolyte Fizeau, UMR6525, Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, 28, avenue Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 02, France
2 Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Yoshinodai 3-1-1, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan
SPICA coronagraph will be operating from 3.5 to 27 micron and primarily aims at directly imaging extra-solar planets of nearby stars. A strong limitation of the coronagraph for the 3.5 m telescope is its angular resolution which allows planet detectability farther than a few AUs at best. Color Diﬀerential Astrometry (CDA) is a spectrophotometric method which would push the detection range to very close-in planets and up to a few AUs, thus nicely complementing the imaging coronagraph. We present the method and show how it can be implemented within the host coronagraph without ma jor impacts on its optical setup. We give preliminary estimates of its sensitivity according to diﬀerent extra-solar planetary systems conﬁgurations. Critical instrumental requirements are discussed, especially regarding detector gain stability.
Key words: Stars: formation / Missions: SPICA
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2009